Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 1 Chapter 3

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Sūta Gosvami further explained

  1. First Supreme Lord expands into purusa, the source of all material ingredients for creation including 16 principles of material action. Brahma is born out of the lotus flower sprouted from the navel of the purusa, who lies in the water of universe.
  2. The second manifestation of the puruṣa is the source and indestructible seed of multifarious incarnations within the universe.
  3. 1st – Kumaras, the sons of Brahma – situated in a vow of celibacy, underwent severe austerities for realization of the Absolute Truth.
  4. 2nd – Varaha (Boar) – lifted the earth from nether regions of the universe
  5. 3rd – Devarsi Narada, great sage among the demigods – collected expositions of the Vedas which deal with devotional service and which inspire non-fruitive action
  6. 4th – Nara and Narayana – twin sons of wife of King Dharma – undertook severe and exemplary penances to control the senses
  7. 5th – Lord Kapila – foremost among perfect beings – gave an exposition of the creative elements and metaphysics to Asuri Brahmana
  8. 6th – Dattatraya – son of sage Atri and Anasuya – spoke on the subject of transcendence to Alarka, Prahlada and others like Yadu, Haihaya etc.
  9. 7th – Yajna – the son of Prajapati Ruci and Akuti – controlled the period during the change of the Svayambhuva Manu and assisted by demigods such as His son Yama
  10. 8th – King Rsabha – son of King Nabhu and Merudevi – showed the path of perfection who followed by those who have fully controlled their senses and who are honored by all orders of life
  11. 9th – Prthu – cultivated the land to yield various produces, and for that reason the earth was beautiful and attractive.
  12. 10th – Matsya – end of Caksusa Manu dissolution – protected Vaivasvata Manu by keeping him on a boat
  13. 11th – Kurma – whose shell served as a pivot for the Mandaracala Hill which was being used as a churning rod by the asuras and demigods
  14. 12th – Dhanvantri
  15. 13th – Mohini – charming beauty of a woman and gave nectar to the demigods to drink
  16. 14th – Nrsimha – bifurcated the strong body of the atheist Hiranyakasipu with His nails, just as a carpenter pierces cane.
  17. 15th – Vamana – visited the arena of sacrifice arranged by Maharaja Bali. Although at heart He was willing to regain the kingdom of the three planetary systems, He simply asked for a donation of three steps of land.
  18. 16th – Bhrgupati – annihilated the administrative class (ksatriyas) 21 time, being angry with them because of their rebellion against the brahmanas (the intelligent class)
  19. 17th – Sri Vyasadeva – appeared in the womb of Satyavati through Parasara Muni – divided one Veda into several branches and sub-branches, seeing that people in general were less intelligent
  20. 18th – King Rama – to perform pleasing work for the demigods exhibited superhuman powers by controlling the Indian Ocean and killing the atheist King Ravana
  21. 19th – Balarama – in the family of Vrsni (Yadu dynasty) – removed the burden of the world
  22. 20th – Krishna – in the family of Vrsni (Yadu dynasty) – removed the burden of the world
  23. 21st – Buddha – son of Anjana in Gaya – purpose of deluding those who are envious of the faithful theist
  24. 22nd – Kalki – become son of Visnu Yasa – at this time rulers of the earth will have degenerated into plunderers


  1. Innumerable incarnations of the Lord  like rivulets flowing from inexhaustible sources of water.
  2. All powerful personalities like the ṛṣis, Manus, demigods, Prajapatis and descendants of Manu are plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord.
  3. Lord Sri Krishna is the original Personality of Godhead all other above mentioned are either plenary portions or the portions of the plenary portions, all of them appear when there is a disturbance created by the atheists. The Lord incarnates to protect the theists.
  4. Virat rupa is imaginary to enable the less intelligent neophytes to adjust to the idea of the Lord’s having form, who has no material form.
  5. Clouds and dust are carried by the air, but less intelligent persons say that the sky is cloudy and the air is dirty. Similarly, they also implant material bodily conceptions on the spirit self.
  6. Beyond this gross conception of form is another, subtle conception of form which is without formal shape and is unseen, unheard and unmanifest. The living being has his form beyond this subtlety, otherwise he could not have repeated births.
  7. Whenever a person experiences, by self-realization, that both the gross and subtle bodies have nothing to do with the pure self, at that time he sees himself as well as the Lord.
  8. If the illusory energy subsides and the living entity becomes fully enriched with knowledge by the grace of the Lord, then he becomes at once enlightened with self-realization and thus becomes situated in his own glory.
  9. Thus learned men describe the births and activities of the unborn and inactive, which is undiscoverable even in the Vedic literatures. He is the Lord of the heart.
  10. The Lord, whose activities are always spotless, is the master of the six senses and is fully omnipotent with six opulences. He creates the manifested universes, maintains them and annihilates them without being in the least affected. He is within every living being and is always independent.
  11. The foolish with a poor fund of knowledge cannot know the transcendental nature of the forms, names and activities of the Lord, who is playing like an actor in a drama. Nor can they express such things, neither in their speculations nor in their words.
  12. Only those who render unreserved, uninterrupted, favorable service unto the lotus feet of Lord Kṛṣṇa, who carries the wheel of the chariot in His hand, can know the creator of the universe in His full glory, power and transcendence.
  13. Only by making such inquiries in this world can one be successful and perfectly cognizant, for such inquiries invoke transcendental ecstatic love unto the Personality of Godhead, who is the proprietor of all the universes, and guarantee cent percent immunity from the dreadful repetition of birth and death.
  14. This Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam is the literary incarnation of God, and it is compiled by Śrīla Vyāsadeva, the incarnation of God. It is meant for the ultimate good of all people, and it is all-successful, all-blissful and all-perfect.
  15. Śrī Vyāsadeva delivered it to his son, who is the most respected among the self-realized, after extracting the cream of all Vedic literatures and histories of the universe.
  16. Śukadeva Gosvāmī, the son of Vyāsadeva, in his turn delivered the Bhāgavatam to the great Emperor Parīkṣit, who sat surrounded by sages on the bank of the Ganges, awaiting death without taking food or drink.
  17. This Bhāgavata Purāṇa is as brilliant as the sun, and it has arisen just after the departure of Lord Kṛṣṇa to His own abode, accompanied by religion, knowledge, etc. Persons who have lost their vision due to the dense darkness of ignorance in the age of Kali shall get light from this Purāṇa.
  18. O learned brāhmaṇas, when Śukadeva Gosvāmī recited Bhāgavatam there [in the presence of Emperor Parīkṣit], I heard him with rapt attention, and thus, by his mercy, I learned the Bhāgavatam from that great and powerful sage. Now I shall try to make you hear the very same thing as I learned it from him and as I have realized it.



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